Comprehensive training courses for your African downstream energy activities.


CITAC training courses will equip you with the necessary competencies and practical solutions you need to gain a full understanding of the African downstream market, improve your performance and reduce your risks.

Choose from a wide range of courses for the downstream industry covering trading, operations, finance, supply chain, LNG, shipping and more.

Held throughout Africa, all our training courses are led by highly experienced trainers, who are all leaders in their respective fields.

Oil Trading and Operations

This training course gives an insight into the crude oil and products trading markets and, the operations and control of supply contracts, including shipping.

This four day course will cover and discuss the following topics:

  • The operations process
    • Documentation
    • Role obligations and rights
    • Letter of credit
    • Letter of indemnity
    • Cargo inspection
    • Areas of contention
    • Breach
    • Dispute resolution
  • The shipping market
    • Chartering
    • Freight costing and worldscale rates
    • Vessel vetting and nomination
    • AFRA rates and demurrage
  • Refining industry
    • Refining economics
  • Pricing in oil markets
    • Benchmarks and differentials
    • Price makers and price takers
  • Oil fundamentals
    • Industry structure
    • Reserves and supply
    • Demand
    • Factors that affect demand
    • Geography of demand
  • Trading oil
    • Market participants
    • Oil contracts and clauses
    • Product quality
    • Deal negotiations

This course is designed for those interested in gaining a thorough understanding of the
International oil trading business.

Course consultant : Christopher Heilpern, Business and Training consultant

Oil Trading and Operations

This training course gives an insight into the crude oil and products trading markets and, the operations and control of supply contracts, including shipping.

This four day course will cover and discuss the following topics:

  • The operations process
    • Documentation
    • Role obligations and rights
    • Letter of credit
    • Letter of indemnity
    • Cargo inspection
    • Areas of contention
    • Breach
    • Dispute resolution
  • The shipping market
    • Chartering
    • Freight costing and worldscale rates
    • Vessel vetting and nomination
    • AFRA rates and demurrage
  • Refining industry
    • Refining economics
  • Pricing in oil markets
    • Benchmarks and differentials
    • Price makers and price takers
  • Oil fundamentals
    • Industry structure
    • Reserves and supply
    • Demand
    • Factors that affect demand
    • Geography of demand
  • Trading oil
    • Market participants
    • Oil contracts and clauses
    • Product quality
    • Deal negotiations

This course is designed for those interested in gaining a thorough understanding of the
International oil trading business.

Course consultant : Christopher Heilpern, Business and Training consultant

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